Milton Abbas

Protestation Returns 1641

Transcribed from original returns on microfilm by Tony Higgins.

(Note: Ornate letters and unusual spellings introduce uncertainties.) 

The English Revolution (1640-60) began in November 1640 when Charles 1st. summoned Parliament to help him out of a financial crisis. Charles was very unpopular and was forced to agree to radical reforms which gave Parliament a more prominent roll in the constitution.

The political crisis escalated and the "Long Parliament" split into two opposing parties in the Autumn of 1641, forming the King's party of Royalists (Cavaliers) and the Parliamentarians (Roundheads), who demanded further political and religious reforms. The events of 1640/41 led to the Civil War which began in August 1642.

It was agreed and ordered on the 3rd May 1641, that every Member of the House of Commons should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty), which the House of Lords also agreed to the following day.

The Commons ordered the printing of the protestation and preamble on the 5th May 1641 and this was distributed by the Members to their counties. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed and anyone who refused was to be noted.

The protestation itself reads:-

I,-------- do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow, and protest to maintain, and defend as farr as lawfully I maye, with my Life, Power and Estate, the true Reformed Protestant religion, expressed in the Doctrine of the Church of England, against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this Realme, contrary to the same Doctrine, and according to the duty of my Allegiance, His Majesties Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as alsoe the Power and Privileges of Parliament, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, and any person that maketh this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall do in the lawful Pursuance of the same; and to my power, and as farr as lawfully I may, I will appose and by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, Practice, Councels, Plots, Conspiracies, or otherwise, doe any Thing to the contrary of any Thing in this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Feare, nor other Respect, shell relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation.

The names of those that have taken the Protestation.


Henry Arnold gent

Tho: Merry schoolmaster

John Combe gent

Leonard Parry

Hen: Whinell

Pollet Morton gent

John Hancocke

Wm Arnold

John Lawrence

John Tapp

Walter Combe

Nichol: Squibb

Tho: Squibb

John Garland

Rich: Bayley

Wm Vincent

Nichol: Wright

Nichol: Barnes

John Barnes

Tho: Drinkwater

Samson Bile

Rich: Scott

John Thorne

Tho: Compton

John ***le

Jonas Delacourt

Thomas Carter

David Arnold

Henry Arnold

Christopher Norris

Tho: Payne

Wm Midlane(?)

Robert Dun****

Tho: Mollett

John Woolridge

John Vatyer Sen

John Wilmett(?)

Wm Vatyer

Tho: Penny

Gyles Shepheard

John Riddle

Philip Woolridge

John Ayles

Wm Symonds

Roger Bayland

Walter Bridle

Robert Rogers

Wm Lovell

Edward Whiffen

Leonard Cole

Robert Kayle

James Davye

John White ju:

John Vatyer ju:

Wm Woolridge

Wm Gardner

ffrancis Sanders

John Parmiter

John Palmer

Edmond Langdon

Rivh: Ham

John Paynter

Hen: Shepheard

George Barber

Rich: Darman

ffrancis Bascombe

Hugh Hoble

Ben: Clarke

Tho: Gover

Rich: Martin

Wm Norris

Tho: Tapp

George Hutchins

Toby Stone

Henry Tyllery

Hen: Easter

ffrancis Hendy

Ralph Williams

John Carter

John Cole

Wm Pouter(?)

Wm Turner

George Norris

Toby Painter

Tho: Westeede

Wm Huett

Robert Phelps

Roger White

John Hutchins

George Chafin

John Shepheard

John Chapman

Briant Ham

Rich: Woolridge

John Swyer

Wm Swyer

Tho: Swyer

George Osmond

Thomas Woolfery

Tho: Gover ju:

Walter White

Nich: Janes

Hen: Janes

John Dennis

Tho: Delaware(?)

Robert Shepheard

Wm Role

Leonard Norris

Mathew Ray

Hugh Hooper

Edmund Martyn

Wm Dyke

Thomas Bayland

John ffrench

John Ellery

Rich Weber

Gerrard Kekstone

Philip Keate

Hen: Winter

John Arnold

Wm Haysome

Wm Davie

Tho: Barnes ju:

Tho: Barnes Sen:

Richard Homes



 John Talbot Vicar

Richard Arnold Constable

John Shephard Constable

Wm Lawrence Churchwarden

Thomas Gardner Churchwarden

Christopher Diatt Overseer

Donsey(?) Harbin Overseer

Nichlas Gardener Overseer

Richard France Overseer


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