Protestation Returns 1641

Transcribed from original returns on microfilm by Tony Higgins.

The English Revolution (1640-60) began in November 1640 when Charles 1st. summoned Parliament to help him out of a financial crisis. Charles was very unpopular and was forced to agree to radical reforms which gave Parliament a more prominent roll in the constitution.

The political crisis escalated and the "Long Parliament" split into two opposing parties in the Autumn of 1641, forming the King's party of Royalists (Cavaliers) and the Parliamentarians (Roundheads), who demanded further political and religious reforms. The events of 1640/41 led to the Civil War which began in August 1642.

It was agreed and ordered on the 3rd May 1641, that every Member of the House of Commons should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty), which the House of Lords also agreed to the following day.

The Commons ordered the printing of the protestation and preamble on the 5th May 1641 and this was distributed by the Members to their counties. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed and anyone who refused was to be noted.

The protestation itself reads:-

I,-------- do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow, and protest to maintain, and defend as farr as lawfully I maye, with my Life, Power and Estate, the true Reformed Protestant religion, expressed in the Doctrine of the Church of England, against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this Realme, contrary to the same Doctrine, and according to the duty of my Allegiance, His Majesties Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as alsoe the Power and Privileges of Parliament, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, and any person that maketh this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall do in the lawful Pursuance of the same; and to my power, and as farr as lawfully I may, I will appose and by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, Practice, Councels, Plots, Conspiracies, or otherwise, doe any Thing to the contrary of any Thing in this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Feare, nor other Respect, shell relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation.

(Note: Ornate letters and unusual spellings introduce uncertainties.)

            Wee whose names are underwritten doe certify that these following have taken the ptestacon(sic).

Robert Morgan gent.

Giles Stoodly

John Bryant

Richard Hutchins

George Bryant

John Stoodly

William Demett

Abraham Markes

Henry Whettam

Robt Mantle

Mathew Vile

James Pope

John Pope

Joseph Whettam

John Whettam

John Bickerstaffe

Thomas Markes

Richard Vile

George Marker

William Pynney

Bernard Combe

John Pettibone

John Combe

James Orchard

William Adams

Humfery Bary

Robt Combe

Thomas Vile

John Stoodly

William Heines

John Stoodly

Giles Stoodly Jun

Arthur Hutchins

William Phelps

Thomas Markes

Mathew Paull

John Combe

Robte Stanton

Stephen Bassitur

James Palmer

Tristram Stoodley

Vice(?) Jeanes

Joseph Stoodly

Robte Paull

Thomas Harris

Willm Lane

Robte Pynney

Tristram Markes

Tristram Markes Jun

Thomas Hoite(?)

Joseph Evans

John Paull

Roge Whitehead

Robte Smarte

Nycolas Vile

John Stanton

James Orchard

Robte Partridge

Willm Bridell

Cristopher Woode

John Brayme

John Paull

Willm Stanton

Nycholas Bickerstaffe

Robte Langley

Thomas Mantle

Childhay Ju(?)

John Strobridge

Peter Coxe

Giles Gifford

John Colmer

Willm Laskins(?)

Willm Burridge

Joshua Hitchcocke

Henery Sweete

William Harte

Robte Orchorde(?)

Robte Morgan

Phyliph Case

Morgan Bankes

ffrancis Harte

Thomas Heyne

John Paull

Richard Phelps

Humfery Hawkins

Willm Lasking

Willm Paull

Mychael Phelps

Thomas Heyne Sen

William Paull Sen

Peter Chirke

Henery Paull

Robte Coxe

John Burridge

Willm Tucker

John Rapey(?)

Nycholas Downe

Thomas Coxe

James Phelps

Valentine Browne

Willm Phelps

John Eggerdon

Valentine Paull

John Webber

Robte Colmer

Robte Demett

Edward Ellett

Willm Phelps Sen

Richard Hallett

Thomas Sweete

Willm Sweete

Abraham Paull

John Tucker

Willm Hallett

Edward Mason

Hugh Mason

Henery Hallett

Robte Phelps

Joseph Burgyne

John Hutchins gent.

John Hutchins Tyt. (?)

John Hutchins Jun

Giles Phelps

Wm Harte

Thomas Hawkins

Willm Phelps

John Cope

William Hawkins

James Colmer

George Phelps

Robte Raw

Willm Sweete

Robte Morran

John Mullett

James Tucker

Henery Beamont

John Laskins

John Joanes

Thomas Hutchins

Markes Copstone

Mathew Hutchins

Henery Elyot

Robt Brayne

Edmond Peirce

Henery Watts

John Pryor

Thomas Hutchins Jun

John Phelps

John Webber

Drempton Tyth

Laurelett Reynolds gent.

Willm Lymbrye

Hugh Paull

Mathew Paull

Robte Whettam

Giles Lodge

Nathanaell Whettam

Giles Willes

Robte Paull

Eames Mullett

Willm Barrett

Willm Paull

Wm Welman


Abraham Paull

John Church

Willm Halson

Ellis Toleman

Thomas Whettam

John Willes

Giles Mory

Edward  Hept(?)

John Morery(?)

Thomas Slade

John Whitehead

John Hodder

Richard Hutchins

George England

Robert Marth(?)

George Paull

Roger Hoite(?)

Roger Coles

John Whettam

John Hutchins

Erasmus Shave

John Joanes

Joseph Munding

Thomas Whettam

John Chreech Jun

Bernard Paull

Willm Hill

Giles Wills Jun

Samuell Wills

Horwood Tyth

Daniell(?) Bryant

Gregory Bowdich

John Smith

Robert Sansom

William Justie(?)

John Beere

Richard Shave

John Smith Jun

John Mynefie

John Bragg

Willm Bragg

Nycholas fford

Robte Orchard

Giles Bagwell

Henery Soaper

John Hunt

Robte Orchard

Hugh Reed

Willm Palmer

Erasmus Reede

Edward Shave

Joh: Orchard

ffaythfull Ashe

Willm Baker

Wm Locker

Oyen Smort(?)

Robt Peele

Tobias Drayton

Richard Burridge

Wm Pynney

Thomas Downe

Thomas Shoovafeild

John Reede

Peter Warre

Walter Orchard

Hugh Burgyn(?)

Robte Pynney

Giles Smalcorne(?)

John Drayton

John Stanton

Joseph Paull

Thomas Vane

Hugh Paull

John Smart

Edmond Dunnich

John Sprake

Henery Browne

Giles Demett

Alexander Plumm

Robte Teff


 Thomas ffuller Overseer

Henery Sanders Overseer

John Paull Churchwarden

Giles Norris Sen Churchwarden

Giles Norris Jun Constable

John Stoodly Overseer

Richard Justie(?) Overseer

George Mantle Overseer

Andrew ffoster Overseer


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